Course
19S1 D. Anselmi
Theories of gravitation
Program
Recent Papers

21A5 Damiano Anselmi
Diagrammar of physical and fake particles and spectral optical theoremWe prove spectral optical identities in quantum field theories of physical particles (defined by the Feynman $i\epsilon $ prescription) and purely virtual particles (defined by ... (read more)

21A4 Damiano Anselmi, Kristjan Kannike, Carlo Marzo, Luca Marzola, Aurora Melis, Kristjan Müürsepp, Marco Piva and Martti Raidal
A fake doublet solution to the muon anomalous magnetic momentExtensions to the Standard Model that use strictly offshell degrees of freedom – the fakeons – allow for new measurable interactions at energy scales usually ... (read more)

21A3 Damiano Anselmi, Kristjan Kannike, Carlo Marzo, Luca Marzola, Aurora Melis, Kristjan Müürsepp, Marco Piva, Martti Raidal
Phenomenology of a Fake Inert Doublet ModelWe introduce a new way of modeling the physics beyond the Standard Model by considering fake, strictly offshell degrees of freedom: the fakeons. To demonstrate ... (read more)

21A2 Damiano Anselmi
Perturbation spectra and renormalizationgroup techniques in doublefield inflation and quantum gravity cosmologyWe study primordial cosmology with two scalar fields that participate in inflation at the same time, by coupling quantum gravity (i.e., the theory $R+R^2+C^2$ with ... (read more)

21A1 Damiano Anselmi, Filippo Fruzza and Marco Piva
Renormalizationgroup techniques for singlefield inflation in primordial cosmology and quantum gravityWe study inflation as a “cosmic” renormalizationgroup flow. The flow, which encodes the dependence on the background metric, is described by a running coupling $\alpha ... (read more)

20A5 Damiano Anselmi
Highorder corrections to inflationary perturbation spectra in quantum gravityWe compute the inflationary perturbation spectra and the quantity $r+8n_{T}$ to the nexttonexttoleading log order in quantum gravity with purely virtual particles (which means the ... (read more)

20A4 Damiano Anselmi
Cosmic inflation as a renormalizationgroup flow: the running of power spectra in quantum gravityWe study the running of power spectra in inflationary cosmology as a renormalizationgroup flow from the de Sitter fixed point. The beta function is provided ... (read more)

20A3 Damiano Anselmi
Quantum field theories of arbitraryspin massive multiplets and Palatini quantum gravityWe formulate quantum field theories of massive fields of arbitrary spins. The presence of both physical and fake particles, organized into multiplets, makes it possible ... (read more)

20A2 Damiano Anselmi, Eugenio Bianchi and Marco Piva
Predictions of quantum gravity in inflationary cosmology: effects of the Weylsquared termWe derive the predictions of quantum gravity with fakeons on the amplitudes and spectral indices of the scalar and tensor fluctuations in inflationary cosmology. The ... (read more)

20A1 Damiano Anselmi
The quest for purely virtual quanta: fakeons versus FeynmanWheeler particlesThe search for purely virtual quanta has attracted interest in the past. We consider various proposals and compare them to the concept of fake particle, ... (read more)

19A3 Damiano Anselmi and Antonio Marino
Fakeons and microcausality: light cones, gravitational waves and the Hubble constantThe concept of fake particle, or “fakeon”, allows us to make sense of quantum gravity as an ultraviolet complete theory, by renouncing causality at very ... (read more)

19A2 Damiano Anselmi
Fakeons, unitarity, massive gravitons and the cosmological constantWe give a simple proof of perturbative unitarity in gauge theories and quantum gravity using a special gauge that allows us to separate the physical ... (read more)

19A1 Damiano Anselmi
Fakeons and the classicization of quantum gravity: the FLRW metricUnder certain assumptions, it is possible to make sense of higher derivative theories by quantizing the unwanted degrees of freedom as fakeons, which are later ... (read more)

18A7 Damiano Anselmi
On the nature of the Higgs bosonSeveral particles are not observed directly, but only through their decay products. We consider the possibility that they might be fakeons, i.e. fake particles, which ... (read more)

18A6 Damiano Anselmi
Let the dice play GodWe define life as the amplification of quantum uncertainty up to macroscopic scales. A living being is any amplifier that achieves this goal. We argue ... (read more)
Background field method
Using the background field method and the BatalinVilkovisky formalism, we prove a key theorem on the cohomology of perturbatively local functionals of arbitrary ghost numbers, in renormalizable and nonrenormalizable quantum field theories whose gauge symmetries are general covariance, local Lorentz symmetry, nonAbelian YangMills symmetries and Abelian gauge symmetries. Interpolating between the background field approach and the usual, nonbackground approach by means of a canonical transformation, we take advantage of the properties of both approaches and prove that a closed functional is the sum of an exact functional plus a functional that depends only on the physical fields and possibly the ghosts. The assumptions of the theorem are the mathematical versions of general properties that characterize the counterterms and the local contributions to the potential anomalies. This makes the outcome a theorem on the cohomology of renormalization, rather than the whole local cohomology. The result supersedes numerous involved arguments that are available in the literature.
Phys. Rev. D 93 (2016) 065034  DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.93.065034
14B1 Damiano Anselmi
Renormalization
Course on renormalization, taught in Pisa in 2015. (More chapters will be added later.)
Last update: May 9th 2015, 230 pages
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Contents:
Preface
1. Functional integral
 1.1 Path integral
 Schroedinger equation
 Free particle
 1.2 Free field theory
 1.3 Perturbative expansion
 Feynman rules
 1.4 Generating functionals, SchwingerDyson equations
 1.5 Advanced generating functionals
 1.6 Massive vector fields
 1.7 Fermions
2. Renormalization
 2.1 Dimensional regularization
 2.1.1 Limits and other operations in $D$ dimensions
 2.1.2 Functional integration measure
 2.1.3 Dimensional regularization for vectors and fermions
 2.2 Divergences and counterterms
 2.3 Renormalization to all orders
 2.4 Locality of counterterms
 2.5 Power counting
 2.6 Renormalizable theories
 2.7 Composite fields
 2.8 Maximum poles of diagrams
 2.9 Subtraction prescription
 2.10 Regularization prescription
 2.11 Comments about the dimensional regularization
 2.12 About the series resummation
3. Renormalization group
 3.1 The CallanSymanzik equation
 3.2 Finiteness of the beta function and the anomalous dimensions
 3.3 Fixed points of the RG flow
 3.4 Scheme (in)dependence
 3.5 A deeper look into the renormalization group
4. Gauge symmetry
 4.1 Abelian gauge symmetry
 4.2 Gauge fixing
 4.3 NonAbelian global symmetry
 4.4 NonAbelian gauge symmetry
5. Canonical gauge formalism
 5.1 General idea behind the canonical gauge formalism
 5.2 Systematics of the canonical gauge formalism
 5.3 Canonical transformations
 5.4 Gauge fixing
 5.5 Generating functionals
 5.6 Ward identities
6. Quantum electrodynamics
 6.1 Ward identities
 6.2 Renormalizability of QED to all orders
7 NonAbelian gauge field theories
 7.1 Renormalizability of nonAbelian gauge theories to all orders
 Raw subtraction
A. Notation and useful formulas
Search this site
Book
14B1 D. Anselmi
Renormalization
Course on renormalization, taught in Pisa in 2015. (More chapters will be added later.)
Last update: May 9th 2015, 230 pages
Avaibable on Amazon:
Contents:
Preface
1. Functional integral
2. Renormalization
3. Renormalization group
4. Gauge symmetry
5. Canonical formalism
6. Quantum electrodynamics
7. NonAbelian gauge field theories
Notation and useful formulas
References
Sections
 Cosmology (11)
 Phenomenology beyond SM (3)
 Quantum gravity (50)
 Standard model (7)
 AdlerBardeen theorem (5)
 Background field method (3)
 Unitarity of quantum field theory (19)
 Fakeons (37)
 Renormalization of general gauge theories (14)
 Fieldcovariant quantum field theory (4)
 Lorentz violating quantum field theory (11)
 Renormalization group (14)
 Infinite reduction of couplings (5)
 Regularization (5)
 Conformal field theory (20)
 Topological field theory (5)
 Instantons (4)
 Field redefinitions (4)
 Dimensional regularization (5)
 Philosophy of science (6)
 Biophysics (3)
 Videos (20)
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